Expected Start Date: 28 September – 28 November 2018
Closing Date: 14 September 2018
Oxfam in Thailand, in partnership with the Alliance Anti-Traffic (AAT) and Friends of Women Foundation (FoW), has been implementing the project “Saving our Daughters” in the northeast of Thailand since 1 October 2016 till 30 September 2019. During the implementation, the partners found that the situation of child prostitution changing rapidly both the patterns of trafficking and coercion as well as norms of the stakeholders, especially the children, their peers in the entertainment places and their parents. From the direct experience with the girls of our partners and discussion with the rescue police and the trafficking shelter, the practitioners have found that the age of child prostitutes get younger and more of them conduct the sexual activities at their will, both boys and girls. This is supported by at least one study of Simon Baker (Baker, 2007) in Northern Thailand who reported that there was the motivation to improve the family finances that parents and children know the risks but they see huge benefits if they are successful, such as finding a foreign husband or earning the money to build new house. In recent years, the partners also perceive the impact of social media and peers on the children, who want to pursue vanity lifestyle and create a normative explanation in the group to conduct sex work. With all these factors interacting with each other, the existing rescue and protection measures would not be sufficient and many ‘rescued’ girls do come back to provide sex work after release. A new way of working is needed.
With the fact that the project indeed experiences a higher number of child prostitutes that consent to sex services in the complex realities of changing external and internal factors, it is worth exploring from the girls’ perspectives about what they see as normal (or morally accepted) as well as their influencers’. The result could inform a better means to communicate with them about the misperceptions of sex work to reduce their harm or prevent new girls to enter. This is the first phase of the study, “Factors and gender norms behind the consent of girl prostitutes in Thailand”. The first phase will involve literature review of relevant factors and norms, social norm research methodology and children-friendly methods, as well as some key in-depth interviews with the project partners. The product of the first phase will provide a scope of the next phase study that would involve in-depth interviews and focus group discussions with the girls and their influencers.
Purpose of the study
The purpose of the first phase of the research is to scope down highly relevant impactful social and gender norms, which influence the children to make the decision making into sex services so that Oxfam’s project team can frame the second phase of field research to the correct questions and target groups.
SKILLS AND COMPENTENCE:
Essential skills and qualifications
The individual/organization must submit the following documents along with Technical & Financial Proposal (including VAT and TAX):
Please refer to the TOR for details of this consultancy; http://th.thaingo.org/files/Terms of Reference_Gender Norm Research_Final_28082018.pdf
HOW TO APPLY: Please submit your application online at SArunsangsuree@oxfam.org.uk
Only shortlisted candidates will be contacted.
REMARK: This is a national hired post. We will be unable to provide visa and work permit to a non-Thai national.
Oxfam is committed to equal opportunities and diversity. We welcome and encourage applications from women, minority and underrepresented groups.
Oxfam is committed to safeguarding and promoting the welfare of children, young people and adults and expects all staff and volunteers to share this commitment. We will do everything possible to ensure that only those that are suitable to work within our values are recruited to work for us.
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