WWF-Greater Mekong would like to request proposals from eligible individual consultants, groups of individual consultants, consultancy and research organizations (hereinafter called Consultants) who are interested in providing a professional service in conducting research and analysis of regional logistics systems connecting the Greater Mekong and China, and its impact on the Illegal Wildlife Trade.
Terms of Reference (TOR)
Consultancy service: Research and analysis of regional logistics systems connecting the Greater Mekong and China, and its impact on the Illegal Wildlife Trade (IWT)
Work location: Remotely
Duration (term): 20-30 days
1. Background of consultancy assignment/project
IWT refers to the buying, selling, and transportation of wildlife species and their parts - such as ivory, tiger bones, and rhino horn - that are protected under international and national laws. In the Greater Mekong (Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, and Vietnam) and China, IWT poses a significant threat to biodiversity and ecosystems, as well as human health and public security. The trade is driven by high demand for wildlife products, particularly originating in China, where they are used in traditional medicine and as status symbols.
The impact of improved infrastructure and increased connectivity on IWT can be complex and multifaceted. On one hand, these factors can make it easier for wildlife traders to transport their goods across borders, leading to an increase in the trade. On the other hand, key transit choke points and improved communication can also make it easier for law enforcement agencies to monitor and intercept illegal wildlife shipments, reducing the trade.
Southeast Asia (SEA) is made up of mainland SEA, including the Greater Mekong region, and maritime countries, which have different dynamics when it comes to connectivity - be it overland or by sea (USAID). This unique geographical landscape has resulted in a large volume of the trade within and between ASEAN nations depending heavily on land transport, which is mostly by road (Chia, 2016; ANZ 2016). These transport systems involve a dynamic interaction of multiple players, including logistics and e-commerce companies, railway providers, multimodal transport operators, consolidators, freight forwarders, and inland depots. ASEAN nations are major trading partners with China and have a long diplomatic history with the country (Foo et al. 2019).
The China-Greater Mekong cross-border e-commerce trade relies on various logistics and communications channels, and involves multiple modes of transportation, such as sea, air, and land. With new transportation routes emerging as part of the Bridge and Road Initiative (BRI), including construction of Trans-Asia high speed rail network connecting Bangkok - Vientiane - Kunming, cross-border freight block train services connecting Vietnam and China, and an extensive system of transboundary highways, a better understanding of the connectivity, logistic routes and current monitoring and screening systems will contribute to an improved ability to combat IWT, and this in tandem with improved international cooperation, will support law enforcement efforts.
3. Scope of work
4. Methods: The literature review will be conducted using desk research, including a review of relevant academic articles, industry reports, open sources and online data.
Timeline: April - June 2023
6. Required profile:
A well-established researcher/research organization with substantial experience and strong capacity
to analyze logistics systems, familiar with SEA and China, and produce a well-written report of analytical findings and their implications.
To be submitted by applicant: CV and 2-page proposed outline and workplan
Application deadline: March 31, 2023
HOW TO APPLY:
Interested consultant submit proposals to WWF-Greater Mekong via email to: email@example.com and copy to: firstname.lastname@example.org, with the email title “Research and analysis of regional logistics systems connecting the Greater Mekong and China, and its impact on the Illegal Wildlife Trade”. Minimum compositions of the Proposal are as follows:
Only the shortlists will be contacted. The deadline for receiving applications is March 31, 2023.
Contact : email to: email@example.com and copy to: firstname.lastname@example.org